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Fortinet NSE 7 - Enterprise Firewall 7.0

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Question # 1

Refer to the exhibit, which contains the partial output of the get vpn ipsec tunnel details command.

Question # 1

Based on the output, which two statements are correct? (Choose two.)

Options:

A.  

Phase 2 authentication is set to sha1 on both sides.

B.  

Anti-replay is disabled.

C.  

Hub2Spoke1 is a policy-based VPN.

D.  

Hub2Spoke1 is configured on interface wan2.

Discussion 0
Question # 2

Examine the output from the 'diagnose debug authd fsso list' command; then answer the question below.

# diagnose debug authd fsso list —FSSO logons-IP: 192.168.3.1 User: STUDENT Groups: TRAININGAD/USERS Workstation: INTERNAL2. TRAININ

G.  

LAB The IP address 192.168.3.1 is NOT the one used by the workstation INTERNAL2. TRAININ

G.  

LA

B.  

What should the administrator check?

Options:

A.  

The IP address recorded in the logon event for the user STUDENT.

B.  

The DNS name resolution for the workstation name INTERNAL2. TRAININ

G.  

LA

B.  

C.  

The source IP address of the traffic arriving to the FortiGate from the workstation INTERNAL2. TRAININ

G.  

LA

B.  

D.  

The reserve DNS lookup forthe IP address 192.168.3.1.

Discussion 0
Question # 3

Refer to the exhibit, which contains partial output from an IKE real-time debug.

Question # 3

Based on the debug output, which phase 1 setting is enabled in the configuration of this VPN?

Options:

A.  

auto-discovery-shortcut

B.  

auto-discovery-forwarder

C.  

auto-discovery-sender

D.  

auto-discovery-receiver

Discussion 0
Question # 4

Which two configuration settings change the behavior for content-inspected traffic while FortiGate is in conserve mode? (Choose two.)

Options:

A.  

IPS failopen

B.  

mem failopen

C.  

AV failopen

D.  

UTM failopen

Discussion 0
Question # 5

Examine the output from the BGP real time debug shown in the exhibit, then the answer the question below:

Question # 5

Which statements are true regarding the output in the exhibit? (Choose two.)

Options:

A.  

BGP peers have successfully interchanged Open and Keepalive messages.

B.  

Local BGP peer received a prefix for a default route.

C.  

The state of the remote BGP peer is OpenConfirm.

D.  

The state of the remote BGP peer will go to Connect after it confirms the received prefixes.

Discussion 0
Question # 6

View the following FortiGate configuration.

Question # 6

All traffic to the Internet currently egresses from port1. The exhibit shows partial session information for Internet traffic from a user on the internal network:

Question # 6

If the priority on route ID 1 were changed from 5 to 20, what would happen to traffic matching that user’s session?

Options:

A.  

The session would remain in the session table, and its traffic would still egress from port1.

B.  

The session would remain in the session table, but its traffic would now egress from both port1 and port2.

C.  

The session would remain in the session table, and its traffic would start to egress from port2.

D.  

The session would be deleted, so the client would need to start a new session.

Discussion 0
Question # 7

Two independent FortiGate HA clusters are connected to the same broadcast domain. The administrator has reported that both clusters are using the same HA virtual MAC address. This creates a duplicated MAC address problem in the network. What HA setting must be changed in one of the HA clusters to fix the problem?

Options:

A.  

Group I

D.  

B.  

Group name.

C.  

Session pickup.

D.  

Gratuitous ARPs.

Discussion 0
Question # 8

An administrator has been assigned the task of creating a set of firewall policies which must be evaluated before any custom policies defined within the policy packages of managed FortiGate devices, across all 25 ADOMSs in FortiManager.

How should the administrator accomplish this task?

Options:

A.  

Create a footer policy in the Global ADOM containing the firewall policies that must be evaluated first, and then assign this footer policy to all other ADOMs.

B.  

Create a header policy in the Global ADOM containing the firewall policies that must be evaluated first, and then assign this header policy to all other ADOMs.

C.  

Move the FortiGate devices into a single globally scoped ADOM, and merge policy packages, inserting the new firewall policies at the top.

D.  

Use a CLI script from the root ADOM on FortiManager to push these new policies to all FortiGate devices, through the FGFM tunnel.

Discussion 0
Question # 9

Examine the following traffic log; then answer the question below.

date-20xx-02-01 time=19:52:01 devname=master device_id="xxxxxxx" log_id=0100020007 type=event subtype=system pri critical vd=root service=kemel status=failure msg="NAT port is exhausted."

What does the log mean?

Options:

A.  

There is not enough available memory in the system to create a new entry in the NAT port table.

B.  

The limit for the maximum number of simultaneous sessions sharing the same NAT port has been reached.

C.  

FortiGate does not have any available NAT port for a new connection.

D.  

The limit for the maximum number of entries in the NAT port table has been reached.

Discussion 0
Question # 10

Which statement is true regarding File description (FD) conserve mode?

Options:

A.  

IPS inspection is affected when FortiGate enters FD conserve mode.

B.  

A FortiGate enters FD conserve mode when the amount of available description is less than 5%.

C.  

FD conserve mode affects all daemons running on the device.

D.  

Restarting the WAD process is required to leave FD conserve mode.

Discussion 0
Question # 11

Examine the following partial output from two system debug commands; then answer the question below.

Question # 11

Question # 11

Which of the following statements are true regarding the above outputs? (Choose two.)

Options:

A.  

The unit is running a 32-bit FortiOS

B.  

The unit is in kernel conserve mode

C.  

The Cached value is always the Active value plus the Inactive value

D.  

Kernel indirectly accesses the low memory (LowTotal) through memory paging

Discussion 0
Question # 12

A FortiGate device has the following LDAP configuration:

Question # 12

The LDAP user student cannot authenticate. The exhibit shows the output of the authentication real time debug while testing the student account:

Question # 12

Based on the above output, what FortiGate LDAP settings must the administer check? (Choose two.)

Options:

A.  

cnid.

B.  

username.

C.  

password.

D.  

dn.

Discussion 0
Question # 13

Refer to the exhibit, which contains the partial output of the get vpn ipsec tunnel details command.

Question # 13

Based on the output, which two statements are correct? (Choose two.)

Options:

A.  

The npu_flag for this tunnel is 03.

B.  

Different SPI values are a result of auto-negotiation being disabled for phase 2 selectors.

C.  

Anti-replay is enabled.

D.  

The npu_flag for this tunnel is 02.

Discussion 0
Question # 14

Which two statements about conserve mode are true? (Choose two.)

Options:

A.  

FortiGate starts taking the configured action for new sessions requiring content inspection when the system memory reaches the configured red threshold.

B.  

FortiGate starts dropping all new sessions when the system memory reaches the configured red threshold.

C.  

FortiGate enters conserve mode when the system memory reaches the configured extreme threshold.

D.  

FortiGate exits conserve mode when the system memory goes below the configured green threshold.

Discussion 0
Question # 15

The CLI command set intelligent-mode controls the IPS engine’s adaptive scanning behavior. Which of the following statements describes IPS adaptive scanning?

Options:

A.  

Determines the optimal number of IPS engines required based on system load.

B.  

Downloads signatures on demand from FDS based on scanning requirements.

C.  

Determines when it is secure enough to stop scanning session traffic.

D.  

Choose a matching algorithm based on available memory and the type of inspection being performed.

Discussion 0
Question # 16

Examine the output of the ‘get router info bgp summary’ command shown in the exhibit; then answer the question below.

Question # 16

Which statement can explain why the state of the remote BGP peer 10.200.3.1 is Connect?

Options:

A.  

The local peer is receiving the BGP keepalives from the remote peer but it has not received any BGP prefix yet.

B.  

The TCP session for the BGP connection to 10.200.3.1 is down.

C.  

The local peer has received the BGP prefixed from the remote peer.

D.  

The local peer is receiving the BGP keepalives from the remote peer but it has not received the OpenConfirm yet.

Discussion 0
Question # 17

View the exhibit, which contains a partial routing table, and then answer the question below.

Question # 17

Assuming all the appropriate firewall policies are configured, which of the following pings will FortiGate route? (Choose two.)

Options:

A.  

Source IP address 10.1.0.24, Destination IP address 10.72.3.20.

B.  

Source IP address 10.72.3.27, Destination IP address 10.1.0.52.

C.  

Source IP address 10.72.3.52, Destination IP address 10.1.0.254.

D.  

Source IP address 10.73.9.10, Destination IP address 10.72.3.15.

Discussion 0
Question # 18

Which two statements about an auxiliary session are true? (Choose two.)

Options:

A.  

With the auxiliary session setting disabled, only auxiliary sessions are offloaded.

B.  

With the auxiliary session setting enabled, two sessions are created in case of routing change.

C.  

With the auxiliary session setting enabled, ECMP traffic is accelerated to the NP6 processor.

D.  

With the auxiliary session setting disabled, for each traffic path, FortiGate uses the same auxiliary session.

Discussion 0
Question # 19

Refer to the exhibit, which contains partial outputs from two routing debug commands.

Question # 19

Why is the port2 default route not in the second command's output?

Options:

A.  

It has a higher priority value than the default route using port1.

B.  

It is disabled in the FortiGate configuration.

C.  

It has a lower priority value than the default route using port1.

D.  

It has a higher distance than the default route using port1.

Discussion 0
Question # 20

Which two tasks are automated using the Import Configuration wizard on FortiManager? (Choose two.)

Options:

A.  

Importing firewall address objects from managed devices

B.  

Importing interface mappings from managed devices

C.  

Importing static and dynamic route configurations from managed devices

D.  

Importing devices to FortiManager

Discussion 0
Question # 21

Which of the following statements is true regarding a FortiGate configured as an explicit web proxy?

Options:

A.  

FortiGate limits the number of simultaneous sessions per explicit web proxy user. This limit CANNOT be modified by the administrator.

B.  

FortiGate limits the total number of simultaneous explicit web proxy users.

C.  

FortiGate limits the number of simultaneous sessions per explicit web proxy user The limit CAN be modified by the administrator

D.  

FortiGate limits the number of workstations that authenticate using the same web proxy user credentials. This limit CANNOT be modified by the administrator.

Discussion 0
Question # 22

Which configuration can be used to reduce the number of BGP sessions in an IBGP network?

Options:

A.  

route-reflector enable

B.  

route-reflector-server enable

C.  

route-reflector-client enable

D.  

route-reflector-peer enable

Discussion 0
Question # 23

An administrator has configured two FortiGate devices for an HA cluster. While testing the HA failover, the administrator noticed that some of the switches in the network continue to send traffic to the former primary unit. The administrator decides to enable the setting link-failed-signal to fix the problem. Which statement is correct regarding this command?

Options:

A.  

Forces the former primary device to shut down all its non-heartbeat interfaces for one second while the failover occurs.

B.  

Sends an ARP packet to all connected devices, indicating that the HA virtual MAC address is reachable through a new master after a failover.

C.  

Sends a link failed signal to all connected devices.

D.  

Disables all the non-heartbeat interfaces in all the HA members for two seconds after a failover.

Discussion 0
Question # 24

A FortiGate is configured as an explicit web proxy. Clients using this web proxy are reposting DNS errors when accessing any website. The administrator executes the following debug commands and observes that the n-dns-timeout counter is increasing:

Question # 24

What should the administrator check to fix the problem?

Options:

A.  

The connectivity between the FortiGate unit and the DNS server.

B.  

The connectivity between the client workstations and the DNS server.

C.  

That DNS traffic from client workstations is allowed by the explicit web proxy policies.

D.  

That DNS service is enabled in the explicit web proxy interface.

Discussion 0
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